1. Confucius established the Confucian school of thought during the Spring and Autumn Period. Confucianism quickly became one of the pillars of Chinese Culture.Confucian philosophy attaches great importance to ethics and interpersonal relationships and is concerned about the harmony and stability of the order of human society. It adopts the attitude of trying as much as possible to evade the illusory divine world or intensifying the concept through the transformation of divine world according to one’s own ideology. Confucianism has had a great influence on Chinese culture with its values permeating the life, thinking and customs of the Chinese people.
2. In response to people's expectations of having a good living environment, we should greatly strengthen ecological improvement and environmental protection. The ecological environment has a bearing on people's well-being as well as the future of our following generations and our nation as a whole. We should adhere to the basic state policy of conserving resources and protecting the environment and endeavor to promote green, circular, and low-carbon development. Meanwhile，we should promote significant socialist economic, political, cultural, and social progress, and write a new chapter in building socialism with Chinese characteristics.
3. The Chinese Spring Festival is the most important holiday in China. In the days leading up to the Spring Festival, all Chinese people will do their best to get back to their hometown to spend the holiday with their family members and friends. This means that buses, trains, planes and roads are packed, but people brave it out because it is important to get home! The Chinese New Year Eve is always a special time for having the family reunion dinner on Lunar New Year ’ s Eve and ringing in the new year. Families will chat, tell jokes and share stories in a pleasant atmosphere.
4. China is the homeland of tea. It was in the southwestern part of Chinathat tea was first discovered. The climate there is warm and wet—this is the perfect environment for the tea trees. More than 2,700-year-old wild tea trees and over800-year-old planted tea trees can still be found there. When tea was first discovered, it was used as medicine. After this, tea s tarted to be added to soaps and used to flavor food. During the Qin and Han Dynasties, people started using tea in different ways.
五. 丝绸之路(the Silk Road)是历史上连接中国和地中海的一条重要贸易路线。因为这条路上的丝绸贸易占绝大部分，所以在1877年它被德国的地理学家命名为“丝绸之路”。这条古道从长安开始，经过河西走廊(the Hexi Corridor)，到达敦煌后分成三条“南部路线，中部路线和北部路线。这三条路遍布新疆维吾尔自治区(Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region)，然后扩展到巴基斯坦(Pakistan)，印度，甚至罗马。
5. The Silk Road is a historically important international trade route between China and the Mediterranean. It was named the Silk Road by an eminent German geographer in1877 because silk comprised a large proportion of the articles traded along the road. This ancient road begins at Chang’an, then by way of the Hexi Corridor, and it reaches Dunhuang, where it divides into the Southern Route, the Central Route and the Northern Route. The three routes spread all over the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and they extend to Pakistan, India and even Rome.